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Research Articles

Demographic, Clinical and Mammographic Characteristics of Invasive Ductal Carcinoma of the Breast; A Sri Lankan Experience

Authors:

D. C. Perera ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About D. C.

Medical Doctor-Researcher in Oncology

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine

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G. B. Hettiarachchi,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About G. B.
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine
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N. V. I. Ratnatunga,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About N. V. I.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine
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P. V. R. Kumarasiri,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About P. V. R.
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
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P. B. Hewavithana

University of Peradeniya, LK
About P. B.
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine
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Abstract

Breast cancer (BC) ranks the highest among all cancers of women worldwide. Mammography is the most widely utilized imaging tool for evaluation of breast cancer and the final diagnosis of BC is made on histopathology. This study aimed at describing the demographic, clinical and mammographic characteristics of proven invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of breast in a group of Sri Lankan women. The study was carried out using a database on mammography maintained by the principal investigator. Study sample was consisted of 177 subjects with histologically proven invasive ductal carcinoma of breast. The mean age of subjects was 52.2 years (SD ± 1.1). Majority (63.8%) of the subjects were post menopausal. 93% of them presented with symptomatic breast disease, and among them the commonest symptom was a palpable mass (90.7%). Presentation for mammography after observing symptoms showed a median delay of 28 days. BC was found mostly in involuting type of breasts. Commonest mammography characteristic was a mass (86.4%). Size of the mass was between 2 cm to 5 cm in majority (84.3%) with T stage II disease. In conclusion, mean age of the subjects was comparable to other Asian countries but relatively lower than that of the west. Majority of patients presented with a palpable mass within four weeks from the onset of symptoms. The size of the mass did not show a significant correlation with the duration of symptoms and the age. This study did not find a significant association between mammographic breast density with IDC.
How to Cite: Perera, D.C. et al., (2016). Demographic, Clinical and Mammographic Characteristics of Invasive Ductal Carcinoma of the Breast; A Sri Lankan Experience. Sri Lanka Journal of Radiology. 2(2), pp.1–12. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljr.v2i2.48
Published on 30 Nov 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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